Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal conditions are extremely common and have important consequences for the individual and the society. Typically around 50% of the population report musculoskeletal pain at one or more sites for at least one week in the last month. Population surveys show that backpain is the most common site of regional pain in younger and middle aged adults, and knee pain in older people. Over 600,000 Americans have back surgery every year and another 600,000 have knee replacements.

The term musculoskeletal problems includes a diversity of complaints and diseases localized in joints, bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, tendon sheaths, nerves, bursae and muscles.

What Causes Musculoskeletal Pain?

The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain.

Arthritis is caused by the weakening of the supportive structures that surround and strengthen a joint. As these tissues wear over time, the joint becomes weaker and there can be a loss of articular cartilage that provides support and cushioning for an interior joint. The resulting pain and immobility can be treated effectively at Restorative Health Clinic.

Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization. Changes in posture or poor body mechanics may bring about spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, therefore causing other muscles to be misused and become painful. Also becoming increasing clearer in recent years is  an association with infections and joint pain, especially low back pain.

What Are the Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain?

Symptoms of musculoskeletal pain depend on whether the pain is caused by an injury or overuse and whether it is chronic or acute. The symptoms can also differ from person to person.

Common symptoms include:

  1. Localized or widespread pain that can worsen with movement.
  2. Aching or stiffness of the entire body.
  3. The feeling that your muscles have been pulled or overworked
  4. Fatigue
  5. Sleep disturbances
  6. Twitching muscles
  7. The sensation of “burning” in your muscles


What are the different types of musculoskeletal pain?

Musculoskeletal pain has varying symptoms and causes. Some of the more common types of pain include:

  1. Bone pain: This is usually deep, penetrating, or dull. It most commonly results from injury.
  2. Muscle pain: This is often less intense than bone pain, but it can still be debilitating. Muscle pain can be caused by an injury, trigger points, an autoimmune reaction, loss of blood flow to the muscle or infection.  The pain can also include muscle spasms and cramps.
  3. Tendon and ligament pain: Pains in the tendons or ligaments are often caused by injuries, including strains and sprains. This type of musculoskeletal pain often becomes worse when the affected area is stretched or moved. These type of injuries take a long time for the body to heal and are common to become chronic in nature.
  4. Joint pain: Joint injuries and diseases usually produce a stiff, aching, “arthritic” pain. The pain may range from mild to severe and worsens when moving the joint. The joints may also swell. Joint inflammation (arthritis) is a common cause of pain.
  5. “Tunnel” syndromes: This refers to musculoskeletal disorders that cause pain due to nerve compression. The disorders include carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, and tarsal tunnel syndrome. The pain tends to spread along the path supplied by the nerve and may feel like burning. These disorders are often caused by overuse.

Treatment for Musculoskeletal Pain

Identifying the cause of the pain is the primary goal initially. This is done with a thorough history, an orthopedic physical exam and reviewing any pertinent diagnostic imaging like X-rays or MRI’s. Once we know where the pain is coming from, then we have numerous effective modalities that are used not only to decrease the pain, but to heal the affected tissues. Some examples of these therapies are: Prolotherapy, Prolozone, Platelet Rich Plasma, Neural Therapy, Subcutaneous Prolotherapy, Biopuncture, Trigger Point Injections, Nerve Blocks and Ganglion Injections, Manual Therapy, Myofascial Release, Vertebral Adjustments, Frequency Specific Microcurrent, and Nutritional Supplements with Dietary and Lifestyle Adjustments.

 Please contact us for more details and be on your way to pain free movement.